This page was last edited on 27 March 2020, at 12:57. PROTESTATION RETURN 1641/2 I n 1642 Parliament ordered all males in England and Wales over the age of 18 to take an oath “ to live and die for the true Protestant religion, the liberties and rights of subjects, and the privilege of Parliament”. At this time, however, Parliament was still focusing its efforts against bad counselors that were blamed for Charles I's failures, and not the King himself. 0000002635 00000 n Charles I, attempting to end his Parliamentary problems once and for all, marched into Parliament on 4 January 1642, with 400 soldiers planning to arrest the Five Members of Parliament, leaders behind the demands of Parliament. When he asked the Speaker of the House of Commons about their location, William Lethal replied that he was a servant of Parliament and would not answer the king's requests. A full list of the 85 parishes that have been transcribed into EXCEL Format is given below the following transcription from Little Petherick. As conflicts escalated, both sides suspected of each other. Protestation Returns in Cornwall (1641) Home Page Family History Social/Political Events Background to the Protestation Returns Ball Family Start 20 June 2012. THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2 . _ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as far as lawfully I may, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realm, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, to His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as also the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same: and to my power, and as far as lawfully I may, I will oppose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any thing to the contrary of any thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Fear, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation."[11]. x�bbba`b``�%0 B Q A full list of the 85 parishes that have been transcribed into EXCEL Format is given below the following transcription from Little Petherick. 0000002177 00000 n From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who … lynton and lynmouth - the protestation return of 1641 By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular. At the end of February or the beginning of March 1641 incumbents read out the Protestation in the parish churches. One of the ways they found to do that was via oath of allegiances, the first of which was the Protestation. trailer Wedgwood, C. V., The King's War: 1641–1647, London: Fontana, 1970. All who refused to sign were deemed unfit to hold office in Church or Commonwealth. %PDF-1.4 %���� Given the outcome of the conflicts between Charles I and Parliament, it is clear in hindsight that the Protestation failed and was always bound to do so, but for people at the time under the constraints that they were under and being ignorant of the future, the Protestation was a valid try at avoiding a costly civil war. neither for Hope, Fear nor other Respect, shall . A part from its implications in population census and local historiography, it provides an understanding of how people during the decade of 1640 attempted to avoid a potentially costly and bloody conflict. The antecedents of the Protestation can be divided into political and religious aspects. [20] Just a few days afterwards, Charles I fled London for the country for his safety, while cities and towns declared itself for one of the factions, although most of England remained neutral. Lists of those taking the oath in each parish were sent to Parliament in 1642. Lists of those taking the oath in each parish were sent to Parliament in 1642. Further, it was ineffective in uniting the realm under Charles I and averting a civil war, as the English Civil Wars began shortly after. x�b```�� 2džA���b,@��A%��P��9�H5�6�Ő 30�0�3Z�,��!�@|�f��n-� `)Vf�o@� �-����YIH3���d`6[e�0 �� Charles and royalists were distrustful and resented by the continuous Parliamentary demands, which they saw as against the king's royal prerogative and position. The Protestation Return of 1641/2 By Muriel Brine By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular. H��VMo�F���$2M��*� ��6vc�p���"W��䮺KZQ~}�,I}�VۓIkw��{�fx~O�ߟ��n�(�.�f� iىHQ����xv�˸s�!E/:a������5�R�( Purkiss, Diane, The English Civil War: A People's History, London: Harper Perennial, 2007. [8] Even though the Members of Parliament were strongly opposed to Charles I, they also attempted to enact legislation to reduce tensions and avert the likelihood that an armed conflict between the King and Parliament, the first of them being called as the Protestation. On the 6th May 1641 a Bill was introduced in the House of Commons imposing the signing of the Protestation on all Englishmen of 18 years and above. O ne of the purposes of the protestation was to identify Roman Catholics. This is a disappointment. 118 (447): 583-616. doi:10.1093/ehr/118.477.583. Signing them was a necessity in order to hold public office. Protestation Returns St Keverne Cornwall 1641 Press Ctrl+F to Find ? Their outcome was the beheading of king Charles, the temporary suspension of kingship under Oliver Cromwell's rule, and the English Restoration under Charles II, showing the complexity of events and general social anxiety reigning during Stuart England. 0 Still in May 1641, the Long Parliament passed the Triennial Acts, demanding that Parliament meet at least at every three years, even without a Royal summons. St Keverne Cornwall - Protestation Returns. The Protestation Returns are the closest record we have to a census from 1642. relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation." Part I, Appendix 3. All males over the age of 18 were required to sign a declaration (or oath) "to live and die for the true Protestant religion, the liberty and rights of subjects and the priviliges of Parliament". 1995. Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Kingston Bagpuize 1641 oath of allegiance to Crown, Parliament and the Protestant religion. Most Englishmen, however, remained Catholic and conflicts and anxiety lingered. Protestation Returns 1641/2 In 1641, Parliament organised a national protest aimed at Charles I. 0000000576 00000 n Walter, John, Understanding Popular Violence in the English Revolution: The Colchester Plunderers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. The source for this transcription is "Cornwall Protestation Returns 1641" from a transcript (circa 1914) by Reginald Morshead Glencross, additional material by H L Douch, edited and published by T L Stoate 1974. The Long Parliament then turned its focus to Thomas Wentworth, the Earl of Strafford, and accused him of treason and other minor crimes. By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular. this present Protestation contained: and further, that I . neither for Hope, Fear nor other Respect, shall . Whiteman, Anne The Protestation Returns of 1641–1642’. In 1641 Parliament required the swearing of an oath to defend the Church of England against "popery and Popish Innovations" (i.e. Its intent was to prevent the conflicts between both factions from turning into a costly civil war.[9]. Ultimately, the Protestation failed to accomplish its goals. startxref the changes made by Archbishop Laud), and to defend the king's person, the powers of … The Protestation Returns survive for about a third of English counties" I went to see if there would be one for all of Cheshire and it was not listed. It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day. T he Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. 0000000784 00000 n Lenthall's assumption was that those that refused to do so would be Catholics and thus unfit to occupy an office in the Church or State of England, as well as to facilitate identifying potential backers of King Charles I across England. In political terms, Charles was forced to end his Personal Rule and call Parliament to increase taxes so he could raise an army to put them revolts in Scotland and Ireland down. 2005. 0000001450 00000 n The Protestation was also a part of a context of political, religious, and social anxiety due to intense changes in a short period in England during the Early Modern era. In 1641 a resolution of Parliament requested all males aged over 18 to take an oath in support of the Crown, Parliament and the Protestant religion, to oppose the “plots and conspiracies of priests and Jesuits” that were allegedly subverting the kingdom. Although Parliament only asked for the names of men aged over 18, in … This page deals with the Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely and other associated listings covering 171 parishes. preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three . this present Protestation contained: and further, that I . Their names were duly inscribed in a list in each parish, and the list sent back to Parliament. The Long Parliament, however, would turn out to be more hostile against Charles I's interests than the Short Parliament had been. The Protestation Returns owe their existence to the unrest which prevailed in Parliament during the passage of the bill for the Attainder of the Earl of Strafford in 1641. The only part of Cheshire listed was Chester. Kelsey (2003). The House of Commons had passed the bill on the 21st of April and the House of Lords gave it a second reading on the 27th April. Strafford had successfully controlled the Irish revolt by convincing the Catholic gentry to pay taxes in exchange of future religious benefits, thus increasing the revenue of Charles I and pacifying Ireland. Protestation Return, 1642 House of Lords Record Office. Extracted from Devon Protestation Returns 1641 by A.J. Taken in 1641-1642, these Protestation Returns are the nearest there is (for the next two hundred years) to a widespread census of adult males. [23], https://www.cornwall-opc-database.org/extra-searches/protestation-returns/protestation-oath-of-1641/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Protestation_of_1641&oldid=947619567, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. All the parishioners of Cothileston (that were thereunto required) have taken the protestation the 6 th of March anno D [omi]ni 1641 whose names are here under written. "The Trial of Charles I". Those that were not willing to sign it were also listed under it as refusing to pledge its oath. Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. Transcribed from original returns on microfilm by Tony Higgins. This process lasted until February and March 1642. Coward, Barry, The Stuart age: England, 1603–1714, Harlow: Pearson Education, 2003. Cornwall OPC Database. It was hoped that with the execution of Strafford and the Protestation, tensions between Parliament and King would be deescalated, but the opposite occurred. Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Kingston Bagpuize 1641 oath of allegiance to Crown, Parliament and the Protestant religion. On 22 August 1642, Charles I raised his Royal Standard and a war that for long had been looming started as last. [10] The text of the oath that these Englishmen were asked to swear under was the following: "I, _ A.B. Gardiner, Samuel Rawson, History of England from the Accession of James I to the Outbreak of the Civil war 1603–1642, Vol.9 1883. Protestation returns refer to lists of English males over age 18, noting if they took the Protestant oath of allegiance, which says, in part, that you pledge to ‘live and die for the true Protestant religion, the liberties and rights of subjects and the privilege of Parliaments’. Strafford was beloved by Charles I and the king did not want any sort of punishment against him. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Fifth Report of The Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts. [14] The lists were returned to Parliament later in 1642, being known the Protestation Returns. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - … Religiously, the 16th and 17th centuries were a period of vast changes and religious conflicts. Ultimately it failed and tensions continued to escalate between Parliament and King Charles I, eventually leading to the start of the English Civil Wars in August 1642. Vallance,E., Revolutionary England and the National Covenant: State Oaths, Protestantism, and the Political Nation, 1553–1682. The other, Elezein, is unknown. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. endstream endobj 36 0 obj<>/Metadata 8 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 7 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 10 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN-GB)/LastModified(D:20070222194908)/PageLabels 5 0 R>> endobj 37 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 38 0 obj<> endobj 39 0 obj<> endobj 40 0 obj<> endobj 41 0 obj<> endobj 42 0 obj<> endobj 43 0 obj<> endobj 44 0 obj<>stream County map CAMBRIDGESHIRE: The Protestation Returns 1641-42 and other contemporary listings This page deals with the Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely and other associated listings covering 171 parishes. It began in May 1641 with the intention of getting all Englishmen above the age of 18 to swear a vow to defend King Charles I and the Church of England. ��O�Ŗ�A0��c�. The Protestation Return of 1641/2. Sloat 1973 Page Parish Name 283 Kingswear, Robert Wheaton 290 Mary Church, Edward Wheaton 300 North Bovey, William Wheaton 315 Heavitree, Roger Wheaton 329 St. Mary Steps, Exeter, Gilbert Wheaton 338 Trinity Exeter, William Wheaton 364 Topsham, John Wheaton 428 Chawleigh, Giles Wheaten 429 Coldridge,… 0000003142 00000 n In the succession of the trial of Charles I, he was executed for treason in 1649 and the kingship was replaced with Oliver Cromwell's Commonwealth of England. Returns survive only for the University, none for the county. shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to . Parliament suspected that Charles I wanted to impose Armianism on them and force them to comply to his royal prerogative by military force. GENUKI/Devon is now at http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DEV http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DEV The Protestation Returns owe their existence to the unrest which prevailed in Parliament during the passage of the bill for the Attainder of the Earl of Strafford in 1641. [22] On one side, the Cavaliers or Loyalists were followers of the Church of England that wanted to maintain the traditional forms of government in Church and State based on the monarch. Extracted from Devon Protestation Returns 1641 by A.J. endstream endobj 47 0 obj<>/Size 35/Type/XRef>>stream The final step was for the sheriffs and Judges of Peace to read it in Church and have all present sign it, which should be all of the population as they were obligated to go to church every Sunday under penalty of fine. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642. All just and honourable ways, endeavour to looming started as last can trace your back. 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